Information organization in Iranian libraries and information centers: Trends and developments

Rahmatollah Fattahi

PhD., Associate Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (www.um.ac.ir/~fattahi/)

Abstract

Information organization (i.e., cataloging, classification, abstracting and indexing) is a crucial service in libraries and information centers. Modern and standard practices in this regard have started around 1960s in Iran.  This paper outlines the development of modern practices in information organization in Iran. It illustrates how Iranian libraries and information centers are implementing standard practices and organizing information for easy access. A number of international standard tools for information organization, such as AACR, ISBD, LCC, DDC, LCSH, and MESH have been translated and/or modified to fulfill the needs of different types of libraries. The CIP project is successfully implemented nationwide and the Iranian National Bibliography is now a standard source available online and on-disc. Furthermore, indexing and abstracting services in Iran benefit from standard practices too. There are now many general and subject thesauri being developed and used in Iran. A major step towards information organization is the design and development of a considerable number of online and/or on disc databases by Iranian libraries and information centers. Teaching, research and publishing in information organization are flourishing due to the establishment of many library department and schools during the last two decades.

Keywords: Information organization; Information retrieval; Cataloging and classification; Iranian libraries

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